Avrupa Parlamentosu’nda, Eleştiri Dolu
‘Türkiye İlerleme Raporu’ Kabul Edildi
Avrupa Parlamentosu Türkiye Raportörü Kati Piri tarafından hazırlanan ve her satırında Ankara yönetimine sert eleştiriler yöneltilen ‘Türkiye İlerleme Raporu’ oy çokluğuyla
Avrupa Parlamentosu’nun Hollandalı üyelerinden Kati Piri tarafından hazırlanan ‘Türkiye raporu’ bu gün AP Genel Kurulu’nda oylanıp, kabul edildi. Bugüne dek hazırlanan en olumsuz raporda, Türkiye‘ye çok sert eleştiriler yöneltiliyor.
Raporda, Kürt sorunu ve basın özgürlüğüne dair eleştirilerin yanı sıra
Kopenhag ölçütlerinden uzaklaşma: AP, Türkiye‘de demokrasi ve hukuk devleti alanlarındaki gerilemenin ışığında reformlardaki genel hızın son yıllarda yavaşlamasından ve yargının bağımsızlığı, toplanma ve ifade özgürlüğü, insan haklarına ve hukuk devletine saygı gibi bazı ana alanlarda giderek Kopenhagölçütlerinden uzaklaştıran gerileme olmasından endişe duyar.
‘Medyaya saldırı önlenmeli’:Türkiye, gazetecilere yönelik sindirmenin her türüne karşı eyleme geçmeli, gazetecilere yönelik her türlü saldırı ve tehdit soruşturulmalı, medya organlarına saldırılar aktif şekilde önlenmeli. Medya ve internette özgür konuşmayı perdeleyen gergin siyasal hava dağıtılmalı. AP, çok sayıda gazeteye sert ve yasa dışı biçimde el konulmasını kınar.
‘PKK silah bırakmalı’:
– Kürt sorununa şiddete dayalı çözüm yok.
– AP, terör örgütleri listesinde yer alan PKK‘nın şiddete dönüşünü kınar ve haklı bulmaz.
– PKK silah bırakmalı, terörist taktiklerden vazgeçmeli ve beklentilerini barışçıl
ve yasal yollarla dile getirmeli.
– Terörle mücadelenin Türkiye‘nin meşru hakkı olduğu tanınır.
– Terörle mücadele operasyonları orantılı olmalı ve toplu cezalandırma halini almamalı.
– AP, PKK‘nın güvenlik güçlerine ve sivillere yönelik saldırılarını güçlü şekilde kınar.
İlerleme raporunun ertelenmesi: AB Komisyonu’nun, 2015 İlerleme Raporu’nun Türk seçimleri sonrasına ertelenmesinin, Türk hükümetinin mülteciler konusundaki işbirliği karşılığında AB‘nin temel haklar konusunda sessiz kaldığı izlenimi verdiği için yanlış bir karar olduğuna inanıyoruz.
‘Reform şart’: Yargı, temel haklar, adalet, özgürlük ve güvenlik alanlarında
acil reformlara gereksinim var.
Cumhurbaşkanı’na kınama:AP, düşünce ve ifade özgürlüğü ile bağımsız medyanın Avrupa‘nın esas değerleri olduğunu yineler, Can Dündar ve Erdem Gül’ün serbest bırakılmasını memnuniyetle karşılar ve Cumhurbaşkanının Anayasa Mahkemesine yönelik açıklamalarını kınar. Tutuklu gazetecilerin derhal serbest bırakılması çağrısı yapan AP, Türk liderliğindeki artan otoriter eğilimleri derin üzüntüyle karşılar.
Yolsuzlukla mücadele : Yolsuzlukla mücadele Türkiye‘nin önceliklerinden biri olmalı. Türk hükümeti yolsuzlukla her düzeydesavaşım niyetinde olduğuna yönelik açık ve tutarlı sinyaller vermeli.
Seküler yaşam biçimine saygı : AP, Avrupa değerlerine uygun olarak inanç temelliler kadar seküler olanlar için de farklı yaşam biçimlerine tam saygı gösterilmesi ve devlet ile dinin ayrı tutulmasının sürdürülmesi gereğinin altını çizer.
Kadına yönelik şiddet: Kadına karşı şiddetin çok yüksek düzeyde olması endişe verici. İlgili yasanın uygulanmasında eksik var.
Aydınlara kovuşturma : Barış için bildiri imzaladıkları gerekçesiyle binden çok akademisyenin sindirme ve kovuşturmaya uğraması üzüntü kaynağı.
Raporun çok büyük bir bölümünde olumsuzluklar ön plana çıkarken Türkiye‘nin Suriyeli mülteciler konusunda izlediği yaklaşım, AB açısından önemli bir stratejik ortak oluşu, dış politika ve güvenlik konularında AB ile Türkiye arasındaki diyaloğun yoğunlaştırılması pozitif şekilde not ediliyor.
PİRİ: HAZİRANDA VİZELERİN KALDIRILMASI OLANAKSIZ GİBİ
Raporu hazırlayan Hollandalı Kati Piri, Strasbourg’daki Avrupa Parlamentosu’nda ‘Türkiye ile vizelerin kaldırılması’ hakkında da açıklamalarda bulundu. abhaber.com‘da yer alan habere göre, Ankara yönetimi tarafından “Haziran ayında kalkacak” denilen vizelerin durumu için ‘kötümser’ olduğunu dile getiren Piri, “Son iki yıldaki ilerlemeye bakıldığında ve yasanın kısa bir sürede geçmesi gerektiği dikkate alındığında bu olanaksız gibi görünmektedir.” dedi. (14 Nisan 2016,
Raporun İngilizce özeti aşağıda..
Summary of the report
As regards the political criteria, the pace of reforms slowed down, also due to protracted elections. The outgoing government made efforts to reinvigorate the EU accession process. However, this repeated commitment was offset by the adoption of key legislation in the area of the rule of law, freedom of expression and freedom of assembly that ran against European standards. The political landscape continues to be divided. The 7 June general election saw a record 84% turnout, a clear sign of the strength of Turkish democracy with all major political parties being represented in the new parliament. However, a government could not be formed by the constitutional deadline and repeat elections took place on 1 November. Amongst the shortcomings in the legal framework regulating elections, the 10% threshold of votes for parties to be represented in parliament need to be addressed as a priority. In the reporting period Turkey saw its security situation increasingly deteriorate. The authorities launched an extensive anti-terror military and security campaign against the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), which remains on the EU list of terrorist organisations, both 1 This report covers the period from October 2014 to September 2015. It is based on input from a variety of sources, including contributions from the government of Turkey, the EU Member States, European Parliament reports and information from various international and non-governmental organisations. As a rule, legislation or measures which are under preparation or awaiting parliamentary approval have not been taken into account. 5 in Turkey and in Iraq. The settlement process of the Kurdish issue came to a halt despite earlier positive developments on the issue. Turkey was struck by the deadliest terrorist attack in its modern history, on 10 October in Ankara, claiming the lives of scores of demonstrators gathering for a peace rally sponsored by trade unions and opposition parties’ youth branches. It is essential that swift and transparent investigations are conducted into these heinous acts which were aimed to destabilise and harm Turkey’s democracy. Turkey is moderately prepared in the area of public administration reform. It has a strong public service and is committed to a user-oriented administration. However, impetus for a more comprehensive reform is weak. Recent dismissals and demotions in the context of the fight against the ‘parallel structure’ were a source of concern. Civil society has remained active, growing in numbers and continuing to be involved in many spheres of public life, but restrictions to freedom of assembly remain a serious concern. Turkey’s judicial system has some level of preparation. The independence of the judiciary and the principle of separation of powers have been undermined and judges and prosecutors have been under strong political pressure. The government’s campaign against the alleged ‘parallel structure’ within the state was actively pursued, at times encroaching on the independence of the judiciary. Substantial efforts are needed to restore and ensure its independence. As regards the fight against corruption, Turkey has some level of preparation to effectively prevent and fight corruption. Turkey’s track record in the fight against corruption remains inadequate. Corruption remains widespread. The undue influence by the executive in the investigation and prosecution of high-profile corruption cases continues to constitute a major concern. Turkey has achieved some level of preparation in the fight against organised crime. Financial investigations remain under-used. Precautionary freezing of assets is rarely applied and the level of assets confiscated is low. The absence of data protection legislation is an impediment for wider cooperation with EU agencies and Member States. Turkey’s Constitution guarantees the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms. Implementation had considerably improved over the past few years. However, major shortcomings remain. The enforcement of rights stemming from the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and the case law of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) is not fully ensured. There is an urgent need to adopt a comprehensive framework law on combating discrimination in line with European standards. Turkey also needs to effectively guarantee the rights of women, children, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) individuals and ensure sufficient attention to the social inclusion of vulnerable groups such as the Roma. There was significant backsliding in the areas of freedom of expression and freedom of assembly. Legislation on internal security contradicts the measures outlined in the March 2014 action plan on the prevention of violations of the ECHR by granting broad discretionary powers to the law enforcement agencies without adequate oversight. After several years of progress on freedom of expression, serious backsliding was seen over the past two years, with some level of preparation in this field. While it had been possible to discuss some sensitive and controversial issues in a free environment, ongoing and new criminal cases against journalists, writers or social media users are of considerable concern. Changes to the internet law, which are a significant setback from European standards, increased the government’s powers to block content without a court order on an unduly wide range of grounds. 6 Turkey supported the resumption of the talks on the Cyprus settlement in May and expressed its support for the UNSG Special Advisor’s efforts. Turkey’s continued commitment and contribution in concrete terms to this comprehensive settlement remains crucial. However, Turkey has still not fulfilled its obligation to ensure full and non-discriminatory implementation of the Additional Protocol to the Association Agreement and has not removed all obstacles to the free movement of goods, including restrictions on direct transport links with Cyprus. There was no progress on normalising bilateral relations with the Republic of Cyprus. The conclusions on Turkey that were adopted by the Council (General Affairs and External Relations) on 11 December 2006 and endorsed by the European Council on 14/15 December 2006 remain in force. They stipulate that negotiations will not be opened on eight chapters2 relating to Turkey’s restrictions regarding the Republic of Cyprus and no chapter will be provisionally closed until the Commission confirms that Turkey has fully implemented the Additional Protocol to the Association Agreement. Turkey needs to commit itself unequivocally to good neighbourly relations and to the peaceful settlement of disputes in accordance with the United Nations Charter, having recourse, if necessary, to the International Court of Justice. In this context, the EU has expressed once again serious concern and urged Turkey to avoid any kind of threat or action directed against a Member State, or source of friction or actions that damages good neighbourly relations and the peaceful settlement of disputes. Regarding the economic criteria, the Turkish economy is well advanced and can be considered a functioning market economy. Economic growth has been moderate. Turkey continued to face external and internal imbalances, calling for adjustments in monetary and fiscal policies as well as an acceleration of comprehensive structural reforms. The large current account deficit continued to contribute to the economy’s vulnerability to shifts in global monetary conditions and risk sentiment. On the internal side, inflation continued to run at a relatively high rate, which is problematic in terms of macro-economic stability, resource allocation and re-distributive effects. It again exceeded the official target; nevertheless the central bank cut interest rates. Public debt has attained a sustainable level, but the general government structural balance has been significantly negative. Unemployment increased slightly to an annual average of 9.9 %. Some progress was made in structural reforms such as improving schooling rates and further liberalising the energy sector. Such reforms need to accelerate to improve the functioning of the markets for goods, services and labour. Turkey has a good level of preparation in acquiring the capacity to cope with the competitive pressure and market forces within the EU. The quality of education and gender equality in education needs particular attention. Efforts are needed to ensure the transparency of state aid and to remove constraints and exceptions in the area of public procurement. Regarding its ability to take on the obligations of membership, Turkey has continued to align with the acquis, albeit at a slower pace, and has achieved a good level of preparation in many areas. Turkey is well advanced in the areas of company law, financial services, transEuropean networks and science and research. The country has also achieved a good level of preparation in the areas of free movement of goods, intellectual property law, enterprise and industrial policy, customs union and external relations. Turkey remained highly mobilised to tackle the extraordinary migration and asylum challenges. Turkey has achieved a good level of preparation in the area of financial control. Further significant efforts are however needed to implement public internal financial control at all levels. Turkey is only moderately prepared on public procurement as important gaps remain in its alignment. Turkey is also 2 Free movement of goods, right of establishment and freedom to provide services, financial services, agriculture and rural development, fisheries, transport policy, customs union, and external relations. 7 moderately prepared in the area of statistics where further significant efforts are needed across the board. In all areas, more attention needs to be given to enforce legislation whilst many areas require further significant progress to achieve legislative alignment with the EU acquis. In the past year, events in Syria and Iraq meant Turkey had to face a further increase in the number of refugees and displaced people. Turkey is currently hosting the largest refugee population in the world, of which close to 2 million are Syrians. Managing such a huge influx of refugees and displaced persons is a major challenge for Turkey, which has already spent more than EUR 6.7 billion to this purpose.
Rapor kapağında aşağıdaki bilgiler var..
COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT TURKEY 2015 REPORT
Accompanying the document COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION
TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT,
THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE
AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS
Tüm rapor İngilizce 92 sayfa (PDF, EU_Turkey_Report_2015, 649 KB)
Nalına da mıhına da vurulmuş deyim yerinde ise..
Tayyip beye açık bir KINAMA var..
Üzülüyoruz ve gururumuz inciniyor, ülkemizin Cumhurbaşkanının AB tarafından kınanmasına; ancak ne var ki, R.T. Erdoğan gerçekte çoooook daha fazlasını hak ediyor ne yazık ki..
Erdoğan’ın Yüce Divan’da yargılanacağı günleri bu mazlum ve masum ulus görecek eminiz..
Ayrıca, AB’nin bu son 2015 İlerleme Raporu’nun, bugüne dek hazırlanan en olumsuz rapor
Sevgi ve saygı ile.
14 Nisan 2016, Ankara